Septoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct the shape of the septum of the nose. The goal of this procedure is to correct defects or deformities of the septum. The nasal septum is the separation between the two nostrils.
The septum is composed partly of cartilage and partly of bone. Septal deviations are either congenital (present from birth) or develop as a result of an injury.
A blocked nose is often caused by a bent septum. Nasal septoplasty surgery opens up the nasal passages blocked by a bent septum to improve breathing.
An internal incision is made within one of the nostrils. The lining covering the nasal septum is lifted and the underlying cartilage and bone are straightened. The septum is realigned as close to the midline as possible leaving the normal support of the tip of the nose intact.
Once the septum is realigned the incision is closed with dissolving stitchers which may take up to 2-3 weeks to dissolve.